Stone Age

Awesome silver dagger or sword chape mount. Great design comprised of four openwork crosses around the perimeter. Nice surfaces, heavy earthen deposits. Great lead cloth seal depicting a sword! One side depicts the seal of the Dutch city of Haarlem: Found in East Kent, England. Nice lead pilgrim’s badge. One side with a radiant wheel patern around a central pellet. Suspension loop on top. Ex old English collection.

NPS Archeology Program: Archeology for Interpreters

Artifacts as time markers Pipe stem dating The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. Historical archeologists excavating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites. In the s J. Harrington studied the thousands of pipe stems excavated at Jamestown and other colonial Virginia sites, noticing a definite relationship between the diameter of the pipe stem bore—or hole—and the age of the pipe of which it had been part.

This change in diameter may have occurred because pipe stems became longer through time, requiring a smaller bore.

The Ringlemere Cup is a highly valuable artifact that was discovered by a lucky treasure hunter in the Ringlemere barrow, an archaeological site in the southeast English county of Kent. Dating to the Bronze Age, the Ringlemere Gold Cup is arguably the site’s most famous find.

The development of the process was likely initiated as glass blowers experimented with molds as a way of producing special surface effects on their vessels. For instance, with pattern molding, the parison was initially shaped inside a mold that had been sculpted with diamonds, facets, circles, etc.. The mold would impart these designs to the body of the vessel.

Typically the process was completed by removing the parison from the mold and blowing and spinning it in an off-hand fashion until the desired shape and size were achieved. The second step in the transition to molding involved the use of what are known as dip molds. In this circumstance, the size and shape of the parison was complete when it was removed from the mold. In the case of round bottles, the mold was simply a cylinder, open at one end, within which the glass blower blew his bubble.

This application of the mold allowed for a new style of patterning – embossed product names and logos. The third step in the transition to fully automated molding was the use of molds consisting of multiple parts. This type of mold always left ridges or seams of glass where the sections of the mold joined together.

The 6 Most Embarrassing Historical Artifacts Ever Discovered

Here I will offer quality, yet affordable, authentic artifacts from throughout the Americas. This gallery will be regularly updated so check back often. Please ask if you would like additional photos or more in-depth descriptions. Enjoy your treasure hunt All items being offered on this website have appropriate provenance and are legal to buy and own under the United States statute covering cultural patrimony Code , Chapter Every purchase comes with a written certificate of authenticity COA and are fully guaranteed to be as described.

WARNING: This articles contains centuries-old mummy wiener and sex toys.

Lovely terracotta oil lamp from the Holy Land that was in use during the time of Christ. This beautiful, stylized lamp is still useable and can be lit again with a bit of lamp oil and a small wick. Great raised patterns and still-charred spout! Nice Arab-Byzantine terra-cotta oil lamp. Crisply molded “ringed-star” decorations, gestural ring base and small knob handle. Spout still charred from use in antiquity.

Ex- Touma Dabbah Collection, acquired in the ‘s. Wonderful raised design of a laurel wreath around the edges. Circa 3rd to 4th century AD.

Ancient Resource: Ancient Holy Land Biblical

Lovely terracotta oil lamp from the Holy Land that was in use during the time of Christ. This beautiful, stylized lamp is still useable and can be lit again with a bit of lamp oil and a small wick. Great raised patterns and still-charred spout! Nice Arab-Byzantine terra-cotta oil lamp. Crisply molded “ringed-star” decorations, gestural ring base and small knob handle. Spout still charred from use in antiquity.

A “Made in China” label stamped onto two ceramic boxes hauled from a shipwreck on the bottom of the Java Sea reveals that the ship went down a century earlier than previously believed.

A treatise on the management and ownership of shipwrecks and shipwreck artifacts by Michael C. Barnette Somewhere out on the ocean, a ship is in distress. Tossed about by churning seas and brutal winds, the vessel struggles to stay afloat. Her crew puts forth a valiant effort while passengers, many incapacitated by waves of nausea spawned by the ever-moving deck underneath their feet, huddle together in fear.

The hull is slowly breached, and seawater steadily invades the ship. As the blitzkrieg of flooding water rises to extinguish the boiler fires, the vessel loses all power. Cast in darkness and overwhelmed by the noise of the howling wind and crashing surf, the sea tears off sections of the crippled ship, carrying away numerous unfortunate souls. The end is near.

Seriation (archaeology)

In the presence of an ample food and water supply, large camps eventually evolved into the first cities of the world. These complex societies flourished in the presence of stable resources. The luxury of not being preoccupied with food provision gave humans the freedom to pursue great feats of ingenuity and craftsmanship. The second most profound human accomplishment was the discovery of metal ore smelting and making objects out of metal instead of stone.

Not only did this usher in a whole new age of technological advancement, it brought a completely new medium to the craftsman to create objects never before dreamed of. It also allowed Man to craft tools and weapons in size and purpose that were previously impossible with stone or organic resources.

LOST AT SEA: A treatise on the management and ownership of shipwrecks and shipwreck artifacts by Michael C. Barnette. Somewhere out on the ocean, a ship is in distress.

Although the dividing line between the Lower and Middle stages is not so clearly defined as that separating the Middle and Upper subdivisions, this system is still used by most workers. Lower Paleolithic On the basis of the very rich materials from the Somme Valley in the north of France and the Thames Valley in the south of England, two main Lower Paleolithic traditons have been recognized in western Europe.

These are as follows: The type tools of the Abbevillian formerly Chellean , which takes its name from the town of Abbeville, France, on the metre foot terrace of the Somme Valley, consist of pointed, bifacial implements, or hand axes. Their forms vary, and the flaking is generally irregular; it is probable that they were manufactured either with a stone hammer or on a stone anvil. Associated with these crude types of hand axes, simple flake tools are found, but they lack definite form.

The Abbevillian has been reported from deposits of lower Pleistocene First Interglacial age.

Diagnostic Artifacts in Maryland

A Mayan Jade Hunchback The Big Sandy Point In the study of the typology of projectile points used by prehistoric Americans during the Paleo and Archaic Periods in the Carolinas and Virginia, there seems to be only four types generalized by the point bases. The lanceolate type is straight sided without any notches or stems and is primarily known for the Clovis and Dalton styles of the Paleo Period, circa 10, to 8, BC.

After the Paleo Period ended, with the demise of the large megafauna such as Mammouth, Mastodon and Giant Bison, the point types changed to notched bases and later to stemmed points. The two notched basal types included the corner notched Palmer and Kirk and the side notched styles Hardaway and Big Sandy.

JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways.

His intact tomb, discovered by a UC-led international team, contained one of the most magnificent displays of prehistoric riches discovered in mainland Greece in the past 65 years. They led a team of 45 archaeologists and experts in various specialties as well as students during this summer’s excavations. Stocker stands in the shaft tomb the team uncovered. On the floor of the grave lay the skeleton of an adult male, stretched out on his back. Weapons lay to his left, and jewelry to his right. Near the head and chest was a bronze sword, its ivory hilt covered in gold.

A gold-hilted dagger lay beneath it. Gold cups rested on his chest and stomach, and near his neck was a perfectly preserved gold necklace with two pendants. By his right side and spread around his head were over one thousand beads of carnelian, amethyst, jasper, agate and gold. Nearby were four gold rings, and silver cups as well as bronze bowls, cups, jugs and basins. The above describes what a University of Cincinnati-led international research team found this summer when excavating what was initially thought to be a Bronze Age house.


That’s over 2, years! Why did the clan disappear? But many of the points found at the site were of the domestic variety – atlatl hunting darts. These points are notched to stay on the shaft when pulled from prey for reuse. But a peaceful society usually sags in weapons technology. Did a stone-age tribe with higher technology invade the clan?

Ancient Maya art refers to the material arts of the Maya civilization, an eastern and south-eastern Mesoamerican culture that took shape in the course of the later Preclassic Period ( BCE to CE). Its greatest artistic flowering occurred during the seven centuries of the Classic Period (c. to CE). Ancient Maya art then went through an extended Post-Classic phase before the.

For a while, no one could figure out what it was; some believed it could be a spice grinder, which no doubt excited the one ancient-spice-grinder specialist on the team. Hopefully no one got around to using the object to prepare lunch, though, because they eventually realized they’d been holding a feminine hygiene product the whole time. More specifically, a year-old douche. These things were pretty popular among all sectors of society back then: Women used to give them to each other as wedding gifts.

And if you already had one, well, you could always use the other for self-defense. So what was it doing buried there? Well, along with the douche, they found booze bottles, some really nice pottery, smoking pipes, and the bones of four different animals, including turtles, which were a delicacy at the time. Experts concluded that because of the lack of layers in the garbage, it was the refuse from a single event.

In short, someone threw one hell of a party while City Hall was under construction, and for whatever reason, someone decided she’d better slip a douche into her purse before she left home, just in case she got lucky.

How to Clean Antique Porcelain & Pottery