Arguments for a late 2nd century BC dating: Anti-Prophetic Argument One of the first people to dispute the traditional dating of Daniel was Porphyry, a pagan philosopher whose arguments have been preseved by Jerome. He argues that some of the prophecies in Daniel are so congruent to the time of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the book must have been written during his time BC. Linguistic Argument Many of the more modern arguments against the traditional dating of Daniel surround linguistic studies. These arguments are built around loan words that are thought not present in the vernacular at the time when Daniel was traditionally written. Moreover, some consider the simple diversity of languages present in Daniel to indicate a later date. Manuscript Evidence The earliest known manuscripts are eight copies found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. The oldest of these is said to date to about BC.
When Was the Book of Revelation Written
Dating the Book of Revelation With the dating of Revelation, you establish the true historical prospective. If you date it early, you have its fulfillment in God’s judgment on Israel. If you date it late, you have every man’s idea. So dating plays a very important part in its interpretation. There are differences of opinion as to when this book was written.
Since James was martyred in A.D. 63, this would make a late date for the book of Revelation impossible. 28 Papias’ statement is preserved in the writings of “George the Sinner” of the 9th century: After Domitian, 13 Thomas, Theonomy and the Dating of Revelation,
Dating of the Book of Revelation http: Krejcir The date is significant, because if Revelation was “just” written about far-away future events, then this letter to people in dire stress was mostly meaningless. How could they listen to the words of the prophecies and obey something that was not relevant to them? Why is the dating of Revelation so important? Because it sets up what approach or view one will take-which of the four.
Two of them, the Preterist and Futurist views, are predominately hinged on it. Unlike letters today, the book of Revelation does not come to us postmarked with a date, so scholars and researchers need to make a reasonable assumption about the date of this book from careful study that is not based solely upon a theological agenda. The context and word meanings of the material in Revelation do give us clues to examine.
When Was the Book of Revelation Written : Christian Courier
The accuracy of Daniel’s prophecies is one of the reasons so many skeptics advance the theory that the Book of Daniel was written around B. The skeptic cannot reconcile Daniel’s precision in any other way short of the obvious acceptance of God’s inspiration, an apparently unacceptable choice. But the following aspect of the prophecy cannot be explained away by late dating.
Today most scholars date the book of Revelation to late in the first century, during the reign of the Emperor Domitian. According to this view, it was written around A.D.
In this presentation I will deal with the Book of Revelation. I will particularly speak to the issues of its date of composition and theme. Once the question of when Revelation was written is resolved, I believe the question of what it is about becomes more evident. The Date of Composition There are two basic positions on the dating of Revelation, although each has several slight variations.
The current majority position is the late-date view. The minority view-point today is the early-date position. Early-date advocates hold that Revelation was written by John prior to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple in A. I hold that Revelation was produced prior to the death of Nero in June, A. My position is that Revelation was written in A. Though the late-date view is the majority position today, this has not always been the case.
In fact, it is the opposite of what prevailed among leading biblical scholars a little over seventy-five years ago. Though in eclipse presently, the early-date view has not totally faded away, however.
The Nature of Internal Evidence The significance of the date of the book of Revelation depends to a great degree on the interpretive system one holds. The Preterist Interpretation requires that the book be written during the reign of Nero before the destruction of Jerusalem in A. If the book proves to have been written after A. Other systems of interpretation are not so sensitive to the date of writing, since their interpretive frameworks do not connect the events of the book as directly to the events attending the fall of Jerusalem.
The reason the preterist position is intent on dating the book before A.
This term, then, points to a period near the beginning of the second century as the date of Revelation. (4.) The expressions in chap. and point to a complete separation between .
Debating the Date of Revelation Posted by: Sullivan Copyright and — All rights reserved. On page , Kistemaker goes directly to the heart of his eschatology when he makes a statement that sounds startling—even blasphemous—when one first reads it. Does Kistemaker portray God as failing to fulfill His promise? No at least not knowingly. Instead, Kistemaker mysticizes the eschatological time-statements of Scripture.
He removes the New Testament concept of eschatological imminence from the realm of Christians and puts it up in heaven in the secret mind or perspective of God —as though God gave His promises to Himself instead of to believers. This is the mechanism that Kistemaker and many other futurists employ to keep futurism from making Jesus, the Apostles, and the writers of the New Testament liars. His argument is difficult to follow in terms of reason and Scripture.
It is as follows: When the word kairos is used in eschatological contexts e. According to Kistemaker, this use of kairos is to be applied to all eschatological statements of imminence— even to eschatological time-statements that do not have the word kairos in their context.
Dating the Bible
It is to be noted that the interpretation of internal evidence is especially subject to subjective bias. External evidence has the advantage of being less subject to the bias of the interpreter Those who favor an early date for the book of Revelation, and who wish to minimize the external evidence in favor of a later date, would have us place a greater emphasis on internal evidence than external evidence. Leaving aside the interpretation of internal evidence which has its own problems, the determination of what constitutes internal evidence is highly problematic.
Most often, the selection of internal evidence is driven by the a priori stance of the interpreter. For example, Hemer understands Revelation 6:
The dating of the book of Revelation has sometimes been driven by one’s view of future things. Since Ken Gentry is a preterist, that is, someone who believes that Jesus Christ returned in A.D. 70, it is not surprising that he wants a pre-A.D. 70 date for the book of Revelation.
The insight I have gained and relate in this article is not likely to change the debate in favor of any certain date. Eusebius was a fourth century historian who preserved many early writings. Domitian was executed in 96 A. Barring any evidence to the contrary or attacks on the credibility of Eusebius, this information presents a real problem for those who hold to the early date abt. Please notice the past tense implies John wrote what he experienced after he was off the island.
The only logical conclusion is that John wrote the book of Revelation after 96 A. Of course, we are assuming that John had access to scarce writing materials while he was a prisoner on a secluded island.
Among some Jews, Luke did not circulate because he was a gentile , but generally all four accounts became known quickly throughout the Empire. As time passed, they began to circulate as a collection, and the order of the four settled down. The first three gospels, those of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, are usually termed synoptic gospels because they appear to quote from common sources. The largest group of scholars believes that Mark was written first using various sources , followed by Matthew and then Luke.
Those who place the date after AD 70 hold the opinion that the prophecies about the fall of Jerusalem e. The common source used by Matthew and Luke is often called “Q” from the German word for “source”.
Two possible dates are commonly suggested for the writing of the book of Revelation. One, a late date, is A.D. 95 or The other is an earlier date and is usually suggested to.
Total Point 4: Then I was given a long cane like a measuring rod, and I was told, ‘Get up and measure God’s Temple, and the altar, and the people who worship there; but exclude the outer court and do not measure it, because it has been handed over to gentiles. John was commanded to go to Jerusalem and measure the Temple during the reign of Domitian sometime between AD , John would have protested that he could not measure the Temple because it no longer stood.
If the Temple was still standing at the time of John’s vision then the vision must have taken place prior to the Temple’s destruction in 70 AD. Most scholars agree that the letters to the seven churches in Asia Minor describe the conditions of seven historical churches in St. Most scholars also agree that the last half of chapter 20 and all of chapters 21 and 22 are prophetic visions of the end times which will culminate in the Second Advent of Christ, the Resurrection of the dead, the Final Judgment, the creation of the new heaven, the new earth, the new Jerusalem, and the eternal life of the saints with God in the heavenly Sanctuary.
The interpretation of the middle chapters of Revelation hinge on two important interpretive questions:
Date of Revelation
John wrote the Book of Revelation during the lifetime of Nero Caesar. When was the book written? Who is the man who bore the number as recorded in Revelation 13? Who is the king that followed the five kings mentioned in Revelation 17? Is the Book of Revelation continuous history down through the ages or is it dealing with a specific period of time during the early history of the church?
Revelation Chapter 1. August 25, C.H. Dodd and other scholars agree with him, saying that much of the late dating for New Testament books is “quite arbitrary.” It’s also true that the most liberal Bible interpreters prefer late dates in all cases because that takes away the predictive nature of what the authors wrote (i.e. it suggests.
One of many Bible articles on the “Wielding the Sword of the Spirit” web site at www. The abundance of scriptural evidence detailed in Section III of this article makes it very clear that the book of Revelation is doctrine for the nation of Israel, the descendants of Jacob. Revelation was written to those in Israel who believed in Jesus Christ, by an apostle of the circumcision, for direct application in the “kingdom” dispensation which was prophesied in the Old Testament.
This article is divided into three major sections: Introduction A summary of the findings in this document Section I: A Theory to Consider: From the time that God made His covenant with Abraham and throughout the Old Testament and Jesus Christ’s earthly ministry, God gave prophecies to the nation of Israel about their future kingdom to be ruled by the Messiah Christ. After Christ’s ascension into heaven, the twelve apostles, with the Apostle Matthias having taken the place of Judas Iscariot, continued their appointed ministry of the Messianic kingdom to the nation of Israel.
A few years later, the Apostle Paul received revelations from our Lord Jesus Christ of the mysteries for his unique ministry to the predominantly Gentile church for this present dispensation of grace. This article is primarily directed toward those readers who are well versed in or at least familiar with differences between these two programs. In addition to this article, readers may find it helpful to study the other articles under the “Rightly Dividing the Word” heading of this web site.
The primary focus of this article is to convey who comprised the membership of the seven churches of Asia, to whom the book of Revelation was written, and to which dispensation they belong. Uncovering evidence that the book of Revelation was written prior to the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD is only of secondary concern. None-the-less, it is necessary for me to begin by stating that I believe in the pre-millennial second coming of Jesus Christ and the pre-tribulational rapture of all true Christians.
Daniel’s Visions, Accuracy of Daniel’s Prophecies
Dating the Book of Revelation by Steve A. Hamilton The date when the book of Revelation was written has been a controversial subject for centuries. The insight I have gained and relate in this article is not likely to change the debate in favor of any certain date. Eusebius was a fourth century historian who preserved many early writings.
This post can also be found here, where all of our chapter-by-chapter studies on Revelation will be posted in the coming months: June 25, Scripture text for this study: Four Views A Parallel Commentary. A good exegetical question is this: This will be discussed shortly. The first option certainly resonates with the reader when John vividly describes Jesus in chapters 1, 5, 14, and Thomas Constable ] Q: When verse 2 says that John bore witness to the testimony of Jesus Christ, is this referring to the vision He received as recorded in this book, or does it refer to the things Jesus taught during His incarnation?
There are two ways this is commonly interpreted: Interestingly, Daniel, who received some similar revelations, was told to seal his book Daniel This makes a case for the first interpretation being the correct one. We see that the seven churches who received this writing were encouraged to read the entire book aloud in their assemblies, and to keep what was written in it. The original recipients of this book the seven churches in Asia were to receive a blessing if they read the words of this prophecy aloud as they assembled together, and also if they would hear and keep what was written.